range  ZERO DS zf9.8  ZERO DS zf13.0  ZERO DS ZF13.0 +Power Tank 
City A “City” range test is specified to determine riding range during “stopandgo” operation typically found in urban areas. This estimate is provided following the SAE J2982 Riding Range Test Procedure for OnHighway Electric Motorcycles to provide a reasonable and consistent basis for manufacturers to inform prospective owners of the riding range that can be expected under specified operating conditions. Actual range will vary based upon riding conditions and habits. 
110 miles (177 km)  147 miles (237 km)  179 miles (288 km) 
Highway, 55 mph (89 km/h) This is meant to provide a range value that riders can expect to achieve when riding their motorcycle on a highway at a steady speed of 55 mph (89 km/h) according to the SAE J2982 Riding Range Test Procedure. Actual range will vary based upon riding conditions and habits. 
66 miles (106 km)  88 miles (142 km)  107 miles (172 km) 
» Combined The combined or “Highway Commuting” range calculation procedure is specified to determine riding range in urban areas when operation consists of 50% stopandgo operation and 50% operation on urban freeways under levels of congestion that allow for quasisteady speeds of 55 mph (89 km/h). This estimate is provided following the SAE J2982 Riding Range Test Procedure. Actual range will vary based upon riding conditions and habits. 
83 miles (134 km)  110 miles (177 km)  134 miles (216 km) 
Highway, 70 mph (113 km/h) This is meant to provide a range value that riders can expect to achieve when riding their motorcycle on a highway at a steady speed of 70 mph (113 km/h) according to the SAE J2982 Riding Range Test Procedure. Actual range will vary based upon riding conditions and habits. 
53 miles (85 km)  70 miles (113 km)  86 miles (138 km) 
» Combined The combined or “Highway Commuting” range calculation procedure is specified to determine riding range in urban areas when operation consists of 50% stopandgo operation and 50% operation on urban freeways under levels of congestion that allow for quasisteady speeds of 70 mph (113 km/h). This estimate is provided following the SAE J2982 Riding Range Test Procedure. Actual range will vary based upon riding conditions and habits. 
71 miles (114 km)  95 miles (153 km)  116 miles (187 km) 
Motor  
Max torque  68 ftlb (92 Nm)  68 ftlb (92 Nm)  68 ftlb (92 Nm) 
Max power  54 hp (40 kW) @ 4,300 rpm  54 hp (40 kW) @ 4,300 rpm  54 hp (40 kW) @ 4,300 rpm 
Top speed (max) The top speed is based on the results of government regulated standardized testing known as homologation. Actual top speed may vary according to riding conditions and the battery's stateofcharge. 
98 mph (158 km/h)  98 mph (158 km/h)  98 mph (158 km/h) 
Top speed (sustained) The sustained top speed is that which the motorcycle can be expected to hold for an extended period of time. This sustained top speed may vary according to riding conditions. 
80 mph (129 km/h)  85 mph (137 km/h)  85 mph (137 km/h) 
Acceleration, 060 mph (0100 km/h) 060 mph (0100 km/h) time measured by Zero Motorcycles. Actual times may vary based upon riding and loading conditions. 
5.2 seconds  5.7 seconds  6.4 seconds 
Type  ZForce® 757 passively aircooled, high efficiency, radial flux, permanent magnet, brushless motor  ZForce® 757 passively aircooled, high efficiency, radial flux, interior permanent magnet, brushless motor  ZForce® 757 passively aircooled, high efficiency, radial flux, interior permanent magnet, brushless motor 
Controller An electric motorcycle's controller is akin to a gas bike's fuel injection system. It precisely "meters" the flow of electricity from the battery to the motor according to the action of the rider's throttle and surrounding conditions, via a sophisticated map algorithm. 
High efficiency, 420 amp, 3phase brushless controller with regenerative deceleration  High efficiency, 420 amp, 3phase brushless controller with regenerative deceleration  High efficiency, 420 amp, 3phase brushless controller with regenerative deceleration 
Power system  
Est. pack life to 80% (city) This represents the expected life of the power pack, to 80% of its original capacity, when the motorcycle is ridden according to the EPA's "city" UDDS duty cycle. An electric motorcycle can continue to function perfectly normal with a power pack that has lost over 20% of its original capacity. The only certain change will be a reduction in maximum range. The Formula: 
248,000 miles (399,000 km)  331,000 miles (533,000 km)  403,000 miles (649,000 km) 
Power pack  ZForce® LiIon intelligent  ZForce® LiIon intelligent  ZForce® LiIon intelligent 
Max capacity Maximum capacity tends to be the electric vehicle industry’s choice for reporting the maximum amount of energy that can be stored in a vehicle’s power pack. About kWh : Where gasoline vehicles use gallons, electric vehicles frequently use kilowatt hours (kWh) to measure the total possible ‘fuel’ or energy storage capacity. The Formula: 
9.8 kWh  13.0 kWh  15.9 kWh 
Nominal capacity Nominal capacity is the most accurate measure of the amount of usable energy that can be stored in a vehicle’s power pack. It differs from maximum capacity because it is calculated using an average voltage that is more often ‘the norm’ rather than a maximum which is rarely seen. About kWh: Where gasoline vehicles use gallons, electric vehicles frequently use kilowatt hours (kWh) to measure the total possible ‘fuel’ or energy storage capacity. The Formula: 
8.6 kWh  11.4 kWh  14.0 kWh 
Charger type  1.3 kW, integrated  1.3 kW, integrated  1.3 kW, integrated 
Charge time (standard) Typical charge time using the motorcycle\'s onboard charger and a standard 110 V or 220 V outlet. Note that charge times to 95% are referenced for two reasons. First, with normal use, it’s rare that a power pack would be discharged to 0%. Second, "topping off" from 95% to 100% takes 30 minutes, regardless of charging method, in order to maximize battery capacity. 
6.8 hours (100% charged) / 6.3 hours (95% charged)  8.9 hours (100% charged) / 8.4 hours (95% charged)  10.8 hours (100% charged) / 10.3 hours (95% charged) 
» With Charge Tank accessory The Charge Tank is an optional dealer installed 2.5 kW accessory that nearly triples the onboard charging speed when used with level 2 charging stations. It is compatible only with select Zero motorcycles model year 2015 and later. It is not compatible with motorcycles equipped with the Power Tank accessory. 
2.6 hours (100% charged) / 2.1 hours (95% charged)  3.4 hours (100% charged) / 2.9 hours (95% charged)  N/A 
» With one accessory charger Zero's scalable charging accessories allow customers to add multiple standalone chargers (in addition to the existing onboard unit) for up to a ~75% reduction in charge time, depending on the model and year. Zero Motorcycles generally recommends that only one charger be plugged into one circuit, including the motorcycle's onboard charger. Plugging multiple chargers into a single circuit risks drawing too much power, thereby activating the source's circuit breaker. Some household circuits—including many in Europe—operate at high enough capacities to power multiple chargers. It is the customer's responsibility to first verify that any given power source is rated at high enough output to safely support the load of a charger or chargers. Zero motorcycles' onboard chargers draw up to 1500W (Zero S, SR, DS, DSR) or 800W (Zero FX, FXS). Offboard accessory chargers draw up to 1200W. 
4.0 hours (100% charged) / 3.5 hours (95% charged)  5.2 hours (100% charged) / 4.7 hours (95% charged)  6.3 hours (100% charged) / 5.8 hours (95% charged) 
» With max accessory chargers Zero's scalable charging accessories allow customers to add multiple standalone chargers (in addition to the existing onboard unit) for up to a ~75% reduction in charge time, depending on the model and year. Zero Motorcycles generally recommends that only one charger be plugged into one circuit, including the motorcycle's onboard charger. Plugging multiple chargers into a single circuit risks drawing too much power, thereby activating the source's circuit breaker. Some household circuits—including many in Europe—operate at high enough capacities to power multiple chargers. It is the customer's responsibility to first verify that any given power source is rated at high enough output to safely support the load of a charger or chargers. Zero motorcycles' onboard chargers draw up to 1500W (Zero S, SR, DS, DSR) or 800W (Zero FX, FXS). Offboard accessory chargers draw up to 1200W.
For 2016 motorcycles, the max number of accessory chargers is:

2.0 hours (100% charged) / 1.5 hours (95% charged)  2.6 hours (100% charged) / 2.1 hours (95% charged)  3.0 hours (100% charged) / 2.5 hours (95% charged) 
Input  Standard 110 V or 220 V  Standard 110 V or 220 V  Standard 110 V or 220 V 
Drivetrain  
Transmission  Clutchless direct drive  Clutchless direct drive  Clutchless direct drive 
Final drive  130T / 28T, Poly Chain® GT® Carbon™ belt  130T / 28T, Poly Chain® GT® Carbon™ belt  130T / 28T, Poly Chain® GT® Carbon™ belt 
Chassis / Suspension / Brakes  
Front suspension  Showa 41 mm inverted cartridge forks, with adjustable spring preload, compression and rebound damping  Showa 41 mm inverted cartridge forks, with adjustable spring preload, compression and rebound damping  Showa 41 mm inverted cartridge forks, with adjustable spring preload, compression and rebound damping 
Rear suspension  Showa 40 mm piston, piggyback reservoir shock with adjustable spring preload, compression and rebound damping  Showa 40 mm piston, piggyback reservoir shock with adjustable spring preload, compression and rebound damping  Showa 40 mm piston, piggyback reservoir shock with adjustable spring preload, compression and rebound damping 
Front suspension travel Wheel travel, measured along forkline. 
7.00 in (178 mm)  7.00 in (178 mm)  7.00 in (178 mm) 
Rear suspension travel Wheel travel, measured perpendicular to ground. 
7.03 in (179 mm)  7.03 in (179 mm)  7.03 in (179 mm) 
Front brakes  Bosch Gen 9 ABS, JJuan asymmetric dual piston floating caliper, 320 x 5 mm disc  Bosch Gen 9 ABS, JJuan asymmetric dual piston floating caliper, 320 x 5 mm disc  Bosch Gen 9 ABS, JJuan asymmetric dual piston floating caliper, 320 x 5 mm disc 
Rear brakes  Bosch Gen 9 ABS, JJuan single piston floating caliper, 240 x 4.5 mm disc  Bosch Gen 9 ABS, JJuan single piston floating caliper, 240 x 4.5 mm disc  Bosch Gen 9 ABS, JJuan single piston floating caliper, 240 x 4.5 mm disc 
Front tire  Pirelli MT60 100/9019  Pirelli MT60 100/9019  Pirelli MT60 100/9019 
Rear tire  Pirelli MT60 130/8017  Pirelli MT60 130/8017  Pirelli MT60 130/8017 
Front wheel  2.50 x 19  2.50 x 19  2.50 x 19 
Rear wheel  3.50 x 17  3.50 x 17  3.50 x 17 
Dimensions  
Wheelbase The distance from where the front tire contacts the ground to where the back tire contacts the ground without any additional weight on the motorcycle (Unladen). 
56.2 in (1,427 mm)  56.2 in (1,427 mm)  56.2 in (1,427 mm) 
Seat height The distance from the ground to the top of the seat without any additional weight on the motorcycle (Unladen). 
33.2 in (843 mm)  33.2 in (843 mm)  33.2 in (843 mm) 
Rake At ride height (1/3 suspension sag) 
26.5°  26.5°  26.5° 
Trail At ride height (1/3 suspension sag) 
4.6 in (117 mm)  4.6 in (117 mm)  4.6 in (117 mm) 
Weight  
Frame  23 lb (10.4 kg)  23 lb (10.4 kg)  23 lb (10.4 kg) 
Curb weight  381 lb (173 kg)  413 lb (187 kg)  457 lb (207 kg) 
Carrying capacity  394 lb (179 kg)  362 lb (164 kg)  318 lb (144 kg) 
Economy  
Equivalent fuel economy (city) Electric vehicle fuel economy is measured in Miles Per Gallon equivalent (MPGe) which indicates, via an Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) prescribed formula, how far an electric vehicle can go using the same amount of energy as is contained in one gallon of gasoline. Electric vehicles are much more efficient than their internal combustion engine (ICE) counterparts. An electric vehicle powertrain can turn above 90% of the energy supplied to it into usable motive power. An ICE powertrain can only turn about 2530% of its supplied energy into motive power. The result is that an electric vehicle powertrain can operate at over three times the efficiency of its ICE counterparts. The Formula: Equivalent Fuel Economy, Highway = (Highway range) / (Power Pack nominal capacity) x 33.7 (EPA kWh per gallon of gasoline) 
435 MPGe (0.54 l/100 km)  435 MPGe (0.54 l/100 km)  435 MPGe (0.54 l/100 km) 
Equivalent fuel economy (highway) Electric vehicle fuel economy is measured in Miles Per Gallon equivalent (MPGe) which indicates, via an Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) prescribed formula, how far an electric vehicle can go using the same amount of energy as is contained in one gallon of gasoline. Electric vehicles are much more efficient than their internal combustion engine (ICE) counterparts. An electric vehicle powertrain can turn above 90% of the energy supplied to it into usable motive power. An ICE powertrain can only turn about 2530% of its supplied energy into motive power. The result is that an electric vehicle powertrain can operate at over three times the efficiency of its ICE counterparts. The Formula: Equivalent Fuel Economy, Highway = (Highway range) / (Power Pack nominal capacity) x 33.7 (EPA kWh per gallon of gasoline) 
210 MPGe (1.12 l/100 km)  210 MPGe (1.12 l/100 km)  210 MPGe (1.12 l/100 km) 
Typical cost to recharge This indicates the average cost to recharge a fully drained power pack. More often, riders will be charging a partially drained power pack and will have a lower cost of recharge. The actual cost of recharging will always be dictated by the amount of charge put into the power pack and the cost of electricity flowing from the particular outlet. The Formula: 
$1.10  $1.46  $1.78 
Warranty  
Standard motorcycle warranty*  2 years  2 years  2 years 
Power pack warranty*  5 years/160,000 km  5 years/160,000 km  5 years/160,000 km 
range  ZERO DSR zf13.0  ZERO DSR ZF13.0 +Power Tank 
City A “City” range test is specified to determine riding range during “stopandgo” operation typically found in urban areas. This estimate is provided following the SAE J2982 Riding Range Test Procedure for OnHighway Electric Motorcycles to provide a reasonable and consistent basis for manufacturers to inform prospective owners of the riding range that can be expected under specified operating conditions. Actual range will vary based upon riding conditions and habits. 
147 miles (237 km)  179 miles (288 km) 
Highway, 55 mph (89 km/h) This is meant to provide a range value that riders can expect to achieve when riding their motorcycle on a highway at a steady speed of 55 mph (89 km/h) according to the SAE J2982 Riding Range Test Procedure. Actual range will vary based upon riding conditions and habits. 
88 miles (142 km)  107 miles (172 km) 
» Combined The combined or “Highway Commuting” range calculation procedure is specified to determine riding range in urban areas when operation consists of 50% stopandgo operation and 50% operation on urban freeways under levels of congestion that allow for quasisteady speeds of 55 mph (89 km/h). This estimate is provided following the SAE J2982 Riding Range Test Procedure. Actual range will vary based upon riding conditions and habits. 
110 miles (177 km)  134 miles (216 km) 
Highway, 70 mph (113 km/h) This is meant to provide a range value that riders can expect to achieve when riding their motorcycle on a highway at a steady speed of 70 mph (113 km/h) according to the SAE J2982 Riding Range Test Procedure. Actual range will vary based upon riding conditions and habits. 
70 miles (113 km)  86 miles (138 km) 
» Combined The combined or “Highway Commuting” range calculation procedure is specified to determine riding range in urban areas when operation consists of 50% stopandgo operation and 50% operation on urban freeways under levels of congestion that allow for quasisteady speeds of 70 mph (113 km/h). This estimate is provided following the SAE J2982 Riding Range Test Procedure. Actual range will vary based upon riding conditions and habits. 
95 miles (153 km)  116 miles (187 km) 
Motor  
Max torque  106 ftlb (144 Nm)  106 ftlb (144 Nm) 
Max power  67 hp (50 kW) @ 4,000 rpm  67 hp (50 kW) @ 4,000 rpm 
Top speed (max) The top speed is based on the results of government regulated standardized testing known as homologation. Actual top speed may vary according to riding conditions and the battery's stateofcharge. 
98 mph (158 km/h)  98 mph (158 km/h) 
Top speed (sustained) The sustained top speed is that which the motorcycle can be expected to hold for an extended period of time. This sustained top speed may vary according to riding conditions. 
90 mph (145 km/h)  90 mph (145 km/h) 
Acceleration, 060 mph (0100 km/h) 060 mph (0100 km/h) time measured by Zero Motorcycles. Actual times may vary based upon riding and loading conditions. 
3.9 seconds  4.5 seconds 
Type  ZForce® 757R passively aircooled, high efficiency, radial flux, interior permanent hitemp magnet, brushless motor  ZForce® 757R passively aircooled, high efficiency, radial flux, interior permanent hitemp magnet, brushless motor 
Controller An electric motorcycle's controller is akin to a gas bike's fuel injection system. It precisely "meters" the flow of electricity from the battery to the motor according to the action of the rider's throttle and surrounding conditions, via a sophisticated map algorithm. 
High efficiency, 660 amp, 3phase brushless controller with regenerative deceleration  High efficiency, 660 amp, 3phase brushless controller with regenerative deceleration 
Power system  
Est. pack life to 80% (city) This represents the expected life of the power pack, to 80% of its original capacity, when the motorcycle is ridden according to the EPA's "city" UDDS duty cycle. An electric motorcycle can continue to function perfectly normal with a power pack that has lost over 20% of its original capacity. The only certain change will be a reduction in maximum range. The Formula: 
331,000 miles (533,000 km)  403,000 miles (649,000 km) 
Power pack  ZForce® LiIon intelligent  ZForce® LiIon intelligent 
Max capacity Maximum capacity tends to be the electric vehicle industry’s choice for reporting the maximum amount of energy that can be stored in a vehicle’s power pack. About kWh : Where gasoline vehicles use gallons, electric vehicles frequently use kilowatt hours (kWh) to measure the total possible ‘fuel’ or energy storage capacity. The Formula: 
13.0 kWh  15.9 kWh 
Nominal capacity Nominal capacity is the most accurate measure of the amount of usable energy that can be stored in a vehicle’s power pack. It differs from maximum capacity because it is calculated using an average voltage that is more often ‘the norm’ rather than a maximum which is rarely seen. About kWh: Where gasoline vehicles use gallons, electric vehicles frequently use kilowatt hours (kWh) to measure the total possible ‘fuel’ or energy storage capacity. The Formula: 
11.4 kWh  14.0 kWh 
Charger type  1.3 kW, integrated  1.3 kW, integrated 
Charge time (standard) Typical charge time using the motorcycle\'s onboard charger and a standard 110 V or 220 V outlet. Note that charge times to 95% are referenced for two reasons. First, with normal use, it’s rare that a power pack would be discharged to 0%. Second, "topping off" from 95% to 100% takes 30 minutes, regardless of charging method, in order to maximize battery capacity. 
8.9 hours (100% charged) / 8.4 hours (95% charged)  10.8 hours (100% charged) / 10.3 hours (95% charged) 
» With Charge Tank accessory The Charge Tank is an optional dealer installed 2.5 kW accessory that nearly triples the onboard charging speed when used with level 2 charging stations. It is compatible only with select Zero motorcycles model year 2015 and later. It is not compatible with motorcycles equipped with the Power Tank accessory. 
3.4 hours (100% charged) / 2.9 hours (95% charged)  N/A 
» With one accessory charger Zero's scalable charging accessories allow customers to add multiple standalone chargers (in addition to the existing onboard unit) for up to a ~75% reduction in charge time, depending on the model and year. Zero Motorcycles generally recommends that only one charger be plugged into one circuit, including the motorcycle's onboard charger. Plugging multiple chargers into a single circuit risks drawing too much power, thereby activating the source's circuit breaker. Some household circuits—including many in Europe—operate at high enough capacities to power multiple chargers. It is the customer's responsibility to first verify that any given power source is rated at high enough output to safely support the load of a charger or chargers. Zero motorcycles' onboard chargers draw up to 1500W (Zero S, SR, DS, DSR) or 800W (Zero FX, FXS). Offboard accessory chargers draw up to 1200W. 
5.2 hours (100% charged) / 4.7 hours (95% charged)  6.3 hours (100% charged) / 5.8 hours (95% charged) 
» With max accessory chargers Zero's scalable charging accessories allow customers to add multiple standalone chargers (in addition to the existing onboard unit) for up to a ~75% reduction in charge time, depending on the model and year. Zero Motorcycles generally recommends that only one charger be plugged into one circuit, including the motorcycle's onboard charger. Plugging multiple chargers into a single circuit risks drawing too much power, thereby activating the source's circuit breaker. Some household circuits—including many in Europe—operate at high enough capacities to power multiple chargers. It is the customer's responsibility to first verify that any given power source is rated at high enough output to safely support the load of a charger or chargers. Zero motorcycles' onboard chargers draw up to 1500W (Zero S, SR, DS, DSR) or 800W (Zero FX, FXS). Offboard accessory chargers draw up to 1200W.
For 2016 motorcycles, the max number of accessory chargers is:

2.6 hours (100% charged) / 2.1 hours (95% charged)  3.0 hours (100% charged) / 2.5 hours (95% charged) 
Input  Standard 110 V or 220 V  Standard 110 V or 220 V 
Drivetrain  
Transmission  Clutchless direct drive  Clutchless direct drive 
Final drive  130T / 28T, Poly Chain® GT® Carbon™ belt  130T / 28T, Poly Chain® GT® Carbon™ belt 
Chassis / Suspension / Brakes  
Front suspension  Showa 41 mm inverted cartridge forks, with adjustable spring preload, compression and rebound damping  Showa 41 mm inverted cartridge forks, with adjustable spring preload, compression and rebound damping 
Rear suspension  Showa 40 mm piston, piggyback reservoir shock with adjustable spring preload, compression and rebound damping  Showa 40 mm piston, piggyback reservoir shock with adjustable spring preload, compression and rebound damping 
Front suspension travel Wheel travel, measured along forkline. 
7.00 in (178 mm)  7.00 in (178 mm) 
Rear suspension travel Wheel travel, measured perpendicular to ground. 
7.03 in (179 mm)  7.03 in (179 mm) 
Front brakes  Bosch Gen 9 ABS, JJuan asymmetric dual piston floating caliper, 320 x 5 mm disc  Bosch Gen 9 ABS, JJuan asymmetric dual piston floating caliper, 320 x 5 mm disc 
Rear brakes  Bosch Gen 9 ABS, JJuan single piston floating caliper, 240 x 4.5 mm disc  Bosch Gen 9 ABS, JJuan single piston floating caliper, 240 x 4.5 mm disc 
Front tire  Pirelli MT60 100/9019  Pirelli MT60 100/9019 
Rear tire  Pirelli MT60 130/8017  Pirelli MT60 130/8017 
Front wheel  2.50 x 19  2.50 x 19 
Rear wheel  3.50 x 17  3.50 x 17 
Dimensions  
Wheelbase The distance from where the front tire contacts the ground to where the back tire contacts the ground without any additional weight on the motorcycle (Unladen). 
56.2 in (1,427 mm)  56.2 in (1,427 mm) 
Seat height The distance from the ground to the top of the seat without any additional weight on the motorcycle (Unladen). 
33.2 in (843 mm)  33.2 in (843 mm) 
Rake At ride height (1/3 suspension sag) 
26.5°  26.5° 
Trail At ride height (1/3 suspension sag) 
4.6 in (117 mm)  4.6 in (117 mm) 
Weight  
Frame  23 lb (10.4 kg)  23 lb (10.4 kg) 
Curb weight  419 lb (190 kg)  463 lb (210 kg) 
Carrying capacity  356 lb (161 kg)  312 lb (142 kg) 
Economy  
Equivalent fuel economy (city) Electric vehicle fuel economy is measured in Miles Per Gallon equivalent (MPGe) which indicates, via an Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) prescribed formula, how far an electric vehicle can go using the same amount of energy as is contained in one gallon of gasoline. Electric vehicles are much more efficient than their internal combustion engine (ICE) counterparts. An electric vehicle powertrain can turn above 90% of the energy supplied to it into usable motive power. An ICE powertrain can only turn about 2530% of its supplied energy into motive power. The result is that an electric vehicle powertrain can operate at over three times the efficiency of its ICE counterparts. The Formula: Equivalent Fuel Economy, Highway = (Highway range) / (Power Pack nominal capacity) x 33.7 (EPA kWh per gallon of gasoline) 
435 MPGe (0.54 l/100 km)  435 MPGe (0.54 l/100 km) 
Equivalent fuel economy (highway) Electric vehicle fuel economy is measured in Miles Per Gallon equivalent (MPGe) which indicates, via an Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) prescribed formula, how far an electric vehicle can go using the same amount of energy as is contained in one gallon of gasoline. Electric vehicles are much more efficient than their internal combustion engine (ICE) counterparts. An electric vehicle powertrain can turn above 90% of the energy supplied to it into usable motive power. An ICE powertrain can only turn about 2530% of its supplied energy into motive power. The result is that an electric vehicle powertrain can operate at over three times the efficiency of its ICE counterparts. The Formula: Equivalent Fuel Economy, Highway = (Highway range) / (Power Pack nominal capacity) x 33.7 (EPA kWh per gallon of gasoline) 
210 MPGe (1.12 l/100 km)  210 MPGe (1.12 l/100 km) 
Typical cost to recharge This indicates the average cost to recharge a fully drained power pack. More often, riders will be charging a partially drained power pack and will have a lower cost of recharge. The actual cost of recharging will always be dictated by the amount of charge put into the power pack and the cost of electricity flowing from the particular outlet. The Formula: 
$1.46  $1.78 
Warranty  
Standard motorcycle warranty*  2 years  2 years 
Power pack warranty*  5 years/160,000 km  5 years/160,000 km 