|City (EPA UDDS)|
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Universal Dynamometer Driving Schedule (UDDS) is a standardized test that is used to provide emissions and fuel efficiency data to consumers. The resulting labeling is posted on most ‘for sale’ gasoline vehicles and allows consumers to judge the fuel efficiency of competitive vehicles on an equal plane. Now adopted by the Motorcycle Industry Council (MIC), and named “City Driving Range Test Procedure for Electric Motorcycles", Zero Motorcycles uses this newly adopted standard with the hope that other manufacturers will follow suit. For electric motorcycles, this provides interested buyers with standardized information to compare the range of one motorcycle against another.
|42 miles (68 km)|
|Highway (commuting, 55mph)|
For 2012, in order to give our customers additional range information, Zero collaborated diligently with the Motorcycle Industry Council on the development of a new "Highway range" test and reporting standard for electric motorcycles. This new standard is meant to provide a range value riders can expect to achieve when using the motorcycle for highway commuting. It is based on an extensive 3rd party research which concluded that, when coupled with the distance traveled on city roads getting to and from the highway, as well as the distance spent in highway congestion, the average "highway commute" is made up of 50% steady-state high speed riding and 50% city-like riding. For Zero's higher top-speed S and DS models, the steady-state high speed used in this test and reporting standard is 70 mph. For Zero's lower top-speed XU, this speed is 55 mph.
|28 miles (45 km)|
|Type||High efficiency, axial flux permanent magnet, brushless motor with integrated forced air cooling|
An electric motorcycle's controller is akin to a gas bike's fuel injection system. It precisely "meters" the flow of electricity from the battery to the motor according to the action of the rider's throttle and surrounding conditions, via a sophisticated map algorithm.
|High efficiency, 220 amp, 3-phase brushless controller with re-generative deceleration|
|Top speed (max)|
The max top speed is based on the results of government regulated standardized testing known as homologation. Actual max top speed may vary according to riding conditions and the battery's state-of-charge, and can be sustained for a limited duration.
|65 mph (105 km/h)|
|Top speed (sustained)|
The sustained top speed is that which the motorcycle can be expected to hold for an extended period of time. This sustained top speed may vary according to riding conditions.
|55 mph (88 km/h)|
|Type||Z-Force™ patented Li-Ion intelligent portable power pack|
Maximum capacity tends to be the electric vehicle industry’s choice for reporting the maximum amount of energy that can be stored in a vehicle’s power pack.
About kWh : Where gasoline vehicles use gallons, electric vehicles frequently use kilowatt hours (kWh) to measure the total possible ‘fuel’ or energy storage capacity.
Nominal capacity is the most accurate measure of the amount of usable energy that can be stored in a vehicle’s power pack. It differs from maximum capacity because it is calculated using an average voltage that is more often ‘the norm’ rather than a maximum which is rarely seen.
About kWh: Where gasoline vehicles use gallons, electric vehicles frequently use kilowatt hours (kWh) to measure the total possible ‘fuel’ or energy storage capacity.
|Estimated pack life to 80% (city)|
This represents the expected life of the power pack, to 80% of its original capacity, when the motorcycle is ridden according to the EPA's "city" UDDS duty cycle. An electric motorcycle can continue to function perfectly normal with a power pack that has lost over 20% of its original capacity. The only certain change will be a reduction in maximum range.
|113,000 miles (182,000 km)|
|Charger type||1kW, integrated|
|Charge time (standard)||3.1 hours (100% charged) / 2.7 hours (95% charged)|
|Quick 2x charger time (accessory)||2.0 hours (100% charged) / 1.3 hours (95% charged)|
|Input||Standard 110V or 220V|
|Transmission||Clutchless one speed|
|Final drive||132T / 25T, Poly Chain® GT® Carbon™ belt|
|Chassis / Suspension / Brakes|
|Front suspension||38mm inverted forks with adjustable compression and rebound damping|
|Rear suspension||Direct-link shock with adjustable spring preload and rebound damping|
|Front suspension travel|
Wheel travel, measured along fork-line.
|5.31 inches (135 mm)|
|Rear suspension travel|
Wheel travel, measured perpendicular to ground.
|5.54 inches (141 mm)|
|Front brakes||2 piston hydraulic, 220x4 mm disc|
|Rear brakes||1 piston hydraulic, 220x4 mm disc|
The distance from where the front tire contacts the ground to where the back tire contacts the ground without any additional weight on the motorcycle (Unladen).
|55.0 inches (1397 mm)|
|Seat height (standard)|
The distance from the ground to the top of the seat without any additional weight on the motorcycle (Unladen).
|31.5 inches (800 mm)|
|Low seat height (accessory)||29.5 inches (749 mm)|
At ride height (1/3 suspension sag)
At ride height (1/3 suspension sag)
|3.4 inches (86 mm)|
|Frame||14.5 pounds (6.6 kg)|
|Curb weight||221 pounds (100 kg)|
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) is the maximum allowable total weight of the motorcycle while fully loaded (motorcycle + rider + luggage + miscellaneous)
|471 pounds (214 kg)|
|Carrying capacity||250 pounds (113 kg)|
|Typical cost to charge|
This indicates the average cost to recharge a fully drained power pack. More often, riders will be charging a partially drained power pack and will have a lower cost of recharge. The actual cost of recharging will always be dictated by the amount of charge put into the power pack and the cost of electricity flowing from the particular outlet.
|Equivalent fuel economy (city)|
Electric vehicle fuel economy is measured in Miles Per Gallon equivalent (MPGe) which indicates, via an Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) prescribed formula, how far an electric vehicle can go using the same amount of energy as is contained in one gallon of gasoline. Electric vehicles are much more efficient than their internal combustion engine (ICE) counterparts. An electric vehicle powertrain can turn above 90% of the energy supplied to it into usable motive power. An ICE powertrain can only turn about 25-30% of its supplied energy into motive power. The result is that an electric vehicle powertrain can operate at over three times the efficiency of its ICE counterparts.
Equivalent Fuel Economy, Highway = (Highway range) / (Power Pack nominal capacity) x 33.7 (EPA kWh per gallon of gasoline)
|539 MPGe (0.44 liters/100km)|
|Equivalent fuel economy (highway)||359 MPGe (0.66 liters/100km)|
Specifications are subject to change without notice. Imagery may not reflect most current product specifications. Zero Motorcycles reserves the right to make improvements and/or design changes without any obligation to previously sold, assembled or fabricated equipment.